Policies Governing the Formal Reasoning and Analysis Requirement

Students fulfill the Formal Reasoning and Analysis Requirement by taking a course from the list of approved courses.

  • Courses taken to satisfy the Formal Reasoning and Analysis Requirement must be taken for a letter grade, not pass/fail. Any passing grade, from A+ through D, is acceptable in order for a course to fulfill the Formal Reasoning and Analysis Requirement.
  • A course used to satisfy the Formal Reasoning and Analysis Requirement may be double counted toward other requirements in the General Education Curriculum (except for the Writing and Foreign Language Requirements) as well as toward the Major Requirement and requirements for a minor.
  • Pre-college credit, transfer credit, credit away and credit earned studying abroad may be counted toward the Formal Reasoning and Analysis Requirement only when departments award credit using the number of a Penn course approved for the Formal Reasoning and Analysis Requirement.
  • Neither advanced placement credit nor credit by departmental exam may be used to fulfill the Formal Reasoning and Analysis Requirement. However, students who receive credit for MATH 104 in either of these ways and who take any Arts and Sciences course that has calculus as a prerequisite or co-requisite may use that course to fulfill the Formal Reasoning and Analysis Requirement.

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